Bind rows (features) of sf objects

Bind columns (variables) of sf objects

# S3 method for sf
rbind(..., deparse.level = 1)

# S3 method for sf
cbind(..., deparse.level = 1, sf_column_name = NULL)

st_bind_cols(...)

Arguments

...

objects to bind; note that for the rbind and cbind methods, all objects have to be of class sf; see dotsMethods

deparse.level

integer; see rbind

sf_column_name

character; specifies active geometry; passed on to st_sf

Value

cbind called with multiple sf objects warns about multiple geometry columns present when the geometry column to use is not specified by using argument sf_column_name; see also st_sf.

Details

both rbind and cbind have non-standard method dispatch (see cbind): the rbind or cbind method for sf objects is only called when all arguments to be binded are of class sf.

If you need to cbind e.g. a data.frame to an sf, use data.frame directly and use st_sf on its result, or use bind_cols; see examples.

st_bind_cols is deprecated; use cbind instead.

Examples

crs = st_crs(3857)
a = st_sf(a=1, geom = st_sfc(st_point(0:1)), crs = crs)
b = st_sf(a=1, geom = st_sfc(st_linestring(matrix(1:4,2))), crs = crs)
c = st_sf(a=4, geom = st_sfc(st_multilinestring(list(matrix(1:4,2)))), crs = crs)
rbind(a,b,c)
#> Simple feature collection with 3 features and 1 field
#> Geometry type: GEOMETRY
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 0 ymin: 1 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a                         geom
#> 1 1                  POINT (0 1)
#> 2 1        LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4)
#> 3 4 MULTILINESTRING ((1 3, 2 4))
rbind(a,b)
#> Simple feature collection with 2 features and 1 field
#> Geometry type: GEOMETRY
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 0 ymin: 1 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a                  geom
#> 1 1           POINT (0 1)
#> 2 1 LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4)
rbind(a,b)
#> Simple feature collection with 2 features and 1 field
#> Geometry type: GEOMETRY
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 0 ymin: 1 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a                  geom
#> 1 1           POINT (0 1)
#> 2 1 LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4)
rbind(b,c)
#> Simple feature collection with 2 features and 1 field
#> Geometry type: GEOMETRY
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 1 ymin: 3 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a                         geom
#> 1 1        LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4)
#> 2 4 MULTILINESTRING ((1 3, 2 4))
cbind(a,b,c) # warns
#> Simple feature collection with 1 feature and 3 fields
#> Active geometry column: geom
#> Geometry type: POINT
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 0 ymin: 1 xmax: 0 ymax: 1
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a a.1 a.2        geom                geom.1                       geom.2
#> 1 1   1   4 POINT (0 1) LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4) MULTILINESTRING ((1 3, 2 4))
if (require(dplyr))
  dplyr::bind_cols(a,b)
#> Loading required package: dplyr
#> 
#> Attaching package: ‘dplyr’
#> The following objects are masked from ‘package:stats’:
#> 
#>     filter, lag
#> The following objects are masked from ‘package:base’:
#> 
#>     intersect, setdiff, setequal, union
#> New names:
#>  `a` -> `a...1`
#>  `geom` -> `geom...2`
#>  `a` -> `a...3`
#>  `geom` -> `geom...4`
#>   a...1    geom...2 a...3              geom...4
#> 1     1 POINT (0 1)     1 LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4)
c = st_sf(a=4, geomc = st_sfc(st_multilinestring(list(matrix(1:4,2)))), crs = crs)
cbind(a,b,c, sf_column_name = "geomc")
#> Simple feature collection with 1 feature and 3 fields
#> Active geometry column: geomc
#> Geometry type: MULTILINESTRING
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 1 ymin: 3 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a a.1 a.2        geom                geom.1                        geomc
#> 1 1   1   4 POINT (0 1) LINESTRING (1 3, 2 4) MULTILINESTRING ((1 3, 2 4))
df = data.frame(x=3)
st_sf(data.frame(c, df))
#> Simple feature collection with 1 feature and 2 fields
#> Geometry type: MULTILINESTRING
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 1 ymin: 3 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a x                        geomc
#> 1 4 3 MULTILINESTRING ((1 3, 2 4))
dplyr::bind_cols(c, df)
#> Simple feature collection with 1 feature and 2 fields
#> Geometry type: MULTILINESTRING
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 1 ymin: 3 xmax: 2 ymax: 4
#> Projected CRS: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
#>   a x                        geomc
#> 1 4 3 MULTILINESTRING ((1 3, 2 4))