Plot sf object

blue-pink-yellow color scale

# S3 method for sf
plot(x, y, ..., col = NULL, main, pal = NULL, nbreaks = 10,
  breaks = "pretty", max.plot = if (is.null(n <-
  options("sf_max.plot")[[1]])) 9 else n, key.pos = get_key_pos(x, ...),
  key.size = lcm(1.8), reset = TRUE)

get_key_pos(x, ...)

# S3 method for sfc_POINT
plot(x, y, ..., pch = 1, cex = 1, col = 1, bg = 0,
  lwd = 1, lty = 1, type = "p", add = FALSE)

# S3 method for sfc_MULTIPOINT
plot(x, y, ..., pch = 1, cex = 1, col = 1,
  bg = 0, lwd = 1, lty = 1, type = "p", add = FALSE)

# S3 method for sfc_LINESTRING
plot(x, y, ..., lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = 1,
  pch = 1, type = "l", add = FALSE)

# S3 method for sfc_CIRCULARSTRING
plot(x, y, ...)

# S3 method for sfc_MULTILINESTRING
plot(x, y, ..., lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = 1,
  pch = 1, type = "l", add = FALSE)

# S3 method for sfc_POLYGON
plot(x, y, ..., lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = NA,
  cex = 1, pch = NA, border = 1, add = FALSE, rule = "evenodd")

# S3 method for sfc_MULTIPOLYGON
plot(x, y, ..., lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = NA,
  border = 1, add = FALSE, rule = "evenodd")

# S3 method for sfc_GEOMETRYCOLLECTION
plot(x, y, ..., pch = 1, cex = 1, bg = 0,
  lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = 1, border = 1, add = FALSE)

# S3 method for sfc_GEOMETRY
plot(x, y, ..., pch = 1, cex = 1, bg = 0,
  lty = 1, lwd = 1, col = 1, border = 1, add = FALSE)

# S3 method for sfg
plot(x, ...)

plot_sf(x, xlim = NULL, ylim = NULL, asp = NA, axes = FALSE,
  bgc = par("bg"), ..., xaxs, yaxs, lab, setParUsrBB = FALSE,
  bgMap = NULL, expandBB = c(0, 0, 0, 0), graticule = NA_crs_,
  col_graticule = "grey")

sf.colors(n = 10, cutoff.tails = c(0.35, 0.2), alpha = 1,
  categorical = FALSE)

Arguments

x

object of class sf

y

ignored

...

further specifications, see plot_sf and plot

col

color

main

title for plot (NULL to remove)

pal

palette function, similar to rainbow; if omitted, sf.colors is used

nbreaks

number of colors breaks (ignored for factor or character variables)

breaks

either a numeric vector with the actual breaks, or a name of a method accepted by the style argument of classIntervals

max.plot

integer; lower boundary to maximum number of attributes to plot; the default value (9) can be overriden by setting the global option sf_max.plot, e.g. options(sf_max.plot=2)

key.pos

integer; side to plot a color key: 1 bottom, 2 left, 3 top, 4 right; set to NULL to omit key. Ignored if multiple columns are plotted in a single function call. Default depends on plot size, map aspect, and, if set, parameter asp.

key.size

amount of space reserved for the key (labels)

reset

logical; if FALSE, keep the plot in a mode that allows adding further map elements; if TRUE restore original mode after plotting; see details.

pch

plotting symbol

cex

symbol size

bg

symbol background color

lwd

line width

lty

line type

type

plot type: 'p' for points, 'l' for lines, 'b' for both

add

logical; add to current plot?

border

color of polygon border

rule

see polypath; for winding, exterior ring direction should be opposite that of the holes; with evenodd, plotting is robust against misspecified ring directions

xlim

see plot.window

ylim

see plot.window

asp

see below, and see par

axes

logical; should axes be plotted? (default FALSE)

bgc

background color

xaxs

see par

yaxs

see par

lab

see par

setParUsrBB

default FALSE; set the par “usr” bounding box; see below

bgMap

object of class ggmap, or returned by function RgoogleMaps::GetMap

expandBB

numeric; fractional values to expand the bounding box with, in each direction (bottom, left, top, right)

graticule

logical, or object of class crs (e.g., st_crs(4326) for a WGS84 graticule), or object created by st_graticule; TRUE will give the WGS84 graticule or object returned by st_graticule

col_graticule

color to used for the graticule (if present)

n

integer; number of colors

cutoff.tails

numeric, in [0,0.5] start and end values

alpha

numeric, in [0,1], transparency

categorical

logical; do we want colors for a categorical variable? (see details)

Details

plot.sf maximally plots max.plot maps with colors following from attribute columns, one map per attribute. It uses sf.colors for default colors. For more control over individual maps, set parameter mfrow with par prior to plotting, and plot single maps one by one. plot.sfc plots the geometry, additional parameters can be passed on to control color, lines or symbols.

When setting reset to FALSE, the original device parameters are lost, and the device must be reset using dev.off() in order to reset it. plot_sf sets up the plotting area, axes, graticule, or webmap background; it is called by all plot methods before anything is drawn.

The argument setParUsrBB may be used to pass the logical value TRUE to functions within plot.Spatial. When set to TRUE, par(“usr”) will be overwritten with c(xlim, ylim), which defaults to the bounding box of the spatial object. This is only needed in the particular context of graphic output to a specified device with given width and height, to be matched to the spatial object, when using par(“xaxs”) and par(“yaxs”) in addition to par(mar=c(0,0,0,0)).

The default aspect for map plots is 1; if however data are not projected (coordinates are long/lat), the aspect is by default set to 1/cos(My * pi)/180) with My the y coordinate of the middle of the map (the mean of ylim, which defaults to the y range of bounding box). This implies an Equirectangular projection.

non-categorical colors from sf.colors were taken from bpy.colors, with modified cutoff.tails defaults If categorical is TRUE, default colors are from http://www.colorbrewer2.org/ (if n < 9, Set2, else Set3).

Examples

# plot linestrings: l1 = st_linestring(matrix(runif(6)-0.5,,2)) l2 = st_linestring(matrix(runif(6)-0.5,,2)) l3 = st_linestring(matrix(runif(6)-0.5,,2)) s = st_sf(a=2:4, b=st_sfc(l1,l2,l3)) plot(s, col = s$a, axes = FALSE)
plot(s, col = s$a)
ll = "+init=epsg:4326 +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs +ellps=WGS84 +towgs84=0,0,0" st_crs(s) = ll plot(s, col = s$a, axes = TRUE)
plot(s, col = s$a, lty = s$a, lwd = s$a, pch = s$a, type = 'b')
l4 = st_linestring(matrix(runif(6),,2)) plot(st_sf(a=1,b=st_sfc(l4)), add = TRUE)
# plot multilinestrings: ml1 = st_multilinestring(list(l1, l2)) ml2 = st_multilinestring(list(l3, l4)) ml = st_sf(a = 2:3, b = st_sfc(ml1, ml2)) plot(ml, col = ml$a, lty = ml$a, lwd = ml$a, pch = ml$a, type = 'b')
# plot points: p1 = st_point(c(1,2)) p2 = st_point(c(3,3)) p3 = st_point(c(3,0)) p = st_sf(a=2:4, b=st_sfc(p1,p2,p3)) plot(p, col = s$a, axes = TRUE)
plot(p, col = s$a)
plot(p, col = p$a, pch = p$a, cex = p$a, bg = s$a, lwd = 2, lty = 2, type = 'b')
p4 = st_point(c(2,2)) plot(st_sf(a=1, st_sfc(p4)), add = TRUE)
# multipoints: mp1 = st_multipoint(matrix(1:4,2)) mp2 = st_multipoint(matrix(5:8,2)) mp = st_sf(a = 2:3, b = st_sfc(mp1, mp2)) plot(mp)
#> Warning: n same as number of different finite values\neach different finite value is a separate class
plot(mp, col = mp$a, pch = mp$a, cex = mp$a, bg = mp$a, lwd = mp$a, lty = mp$a, type = 'b')
# polygon: outer = matrix(c(0,0,10,0,10,10,0,10,0,0),ncol=2, byrow=TRUE) hole1 = matrix(c(1,1,1,2,2,2,2,1,1,1),ncol=2, byrow=TRUE) hole2 = matrix(c(5,5,5,6,6,6,6,5,5,5),ncol=2, byrow=TRUE) pl1 = st_polygon(list(outer, hole1, hole2)) pl2 = st_polygon(list(outer+10, hole1+10, hole2+10)) po = st_sf(a = 2:3, st_sfc(pl1,pl2)) plot(po, col = po$a, border = rev(po$a), lwd=3)
# multipolygon r10 = matrix(rep(c(0,10),each=5),5) pl1 = list(outer, hole1, hole2) pl2 = list(outer+10, hole1+10, hole2+10) pl3 = list(outer+r10, hole1+r10, hole2+r10) mpo1 = st_multipolygon(list(pl1,pl2)) mpo2 = st_multipolygon(list(pl3)) mpo = st_sf(a=2:3, b=st_sfc(mpo1,mpo2)) plot(mpo, col = mpo$a, border = rev(mpo$a), lwd = 2)
# geometrycollection: gc1 = st_geometrycollection(list(mpo1, st_point(c(21,21)), l1 * 2 + 21)) gc2 = st_geometrycollection(list(mpo2, l2 - 2, l3 - 2, st_point(c(-1,-1)))) gc = st_sf(a=2:3, b = st_sfc(gc1,gc2)) plot(gc, cex = gc$a, col = gc$a, border = rev(gc$a) + 2, lwd = 2)
sf.colors(10)
#> [1] "#0000B3FF" "#0400FFFF" "#4500FFFF" "#8500FFFF" "#C527D8FF" "#FF50AFFF" #> [7] "#FF7A85FF" "#FFA35CFF" "#FFCC33FF" "#FFF50AFF"